The area of Mesopotamia which was less dry and hot thousands of years ago than it is today had conditions that were highly favorable to the emergence of agriculture: Further white colonization succeeded via better food production, cannons, etc.
Within 1, years of their emergence, most of the new villages of the Fertile Crescent were abandoned. Before the industrial revolution, beasts of burden were the most powerful machines on the planet. Important inventions such as guns can allow a culture to overrun another. People around the world who had access to the most productive crops became the most productive farmers.
The large populations require intensive food production, which contributes 1 seasonal workers for other purposes, 2 stored food surpluses which feed specialists and other elite, 3 sedentary living. The spread of Fertile Crescent domestic animals to Africa was similarly slowed down by climate and disease, especially trypanosome diseases carried by the tsetse fly.
The fact remains that bison have not been domesticated in either North America or Europe despite long co-existence with human livestock handlers, and that suggests obstacles.
Elephants at work Voiceover: Western Europe also benefited from a more temperate climate than Southwestern Asia where intense agriculture ultimately damaged the environment, encouraged desertificationand hurt soil fertility. In contrast, American farmers had to struggle to develop corn as a useful food from its probable wild ancestor, teosinte.
Without realizing it, these new farmers were changing the very nature of the crops around them. The answer depends on a synthesis of four bodies of information, in the fields of social science, botany, zoology, and microbiology, applied to findings of archaeology, linguistics, and human genetics.
In the case of China, geography made political unification relatively easy compared to Europe.
He also makes the intriguing argument that all large mammals that could be domesticated, have been. For example, he emphasizes that China remained a huge empire throughout history because of its smooth coastline, and he contrasts that with the difficult coastline of Europe that was never totally unified.
Active Themes The problem is that hunter-gatherer societies gradually became agricultural societies if and only if there were many available crops that could be domesticated, not just two or three. These conditions are not reproduced in most other parts of the world; Diamond has a range of interesting tables, showing how few useful domesticable species there are elsewhere.
Robert Wright see my review claims that history developed the same way everywhere, following the exact same pattern in every place on Earth. Hence Eurasians ended up as disease bearers, and with much resistance themselves to their own diseases.
People making steel Montage: All large animals that could be domesticated were domesticated by BC. Bantu food production, on the other hand, spread quickly from the Great Lakes region to Natal because the intervening areas are suitable for agriculture and have similar rainfall.
How have guns, germs and steel shaped the history of the world. Graphic showing earth from space with areas of crop cultivation Voiceover: Diamond touches on why the dominant powers of the last years have been West European rather than East Asian especially Chinese. Many natives were killed by casual murders by private citizens--e.
In particular, Eurasia has barleytwo varieties of wheat, and three protein-rich pulses for food; flax for textiles; and goats, sheep, and cattle.
The other 13 were all from Asia, North Africa and Europe. Then it was just a matter of identifying them. It may seem insignificant today, but understanding how to work with fire was the first step towards forging steel — a technology that would transform the world.
For a society to make the transformation from hunter-gatherers to food producers, it must learn either independently or from other societies to domesticate plants and large mammals.
Can it explain how a few hundred Europeans conquered the New World, and began an age of domination. To understand where inequality came from, Diamond needed to identify a time before inequality, when people across the world were living more or less the same way.
From conversations with Bill Gates, Bill Lewis of McKinsey Global Institute, and others in the business world, I learned of possible parallels between the histories of societies as discussed in Guns, Germs, and Steel, and the histories of national business sectors, industrial belts, and individual companies.
Rocky mountainsides with people standing and walking Voiceover: Seed crops are easy to grow and store, and their domestication came first. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Guns, Germs, and Steel, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.
Geographic Determinism Racism, Violence, and Colonization.
Guns Germs And Steel Essay Examples. 11 total results. The Importance of Food Production, Diet, and Domestication of Mammals in Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel.
words. 1 page. An Overview of the Book Guns, Germs and Steel by Jared Diamond. 1, words. 2 pages. Jared Diamond’s “Guns, Germs, and Steel” From Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond, Inat the beginning of European colonialism, Europe, Asia, and north Africa had metal and were on the verge of industrialization, sub-Saharan Africa had some small states with iron tools, and the Aztec and Incan empires had bronze tools.
That sentence also explains why Guns, Germs, and Steel, a book about the biggest pattern of human history, contains seven chapters about plant and animal domestication, plus four chapters about domestication’s consequences, but only five chapters about history itself; and why Guns, Germs, and Steel wasn’t written by a historian, but by a.
Guns Germs & Steel. STUDY. How is the production of food related to the advantages of guns, germs, and steel? - more food production= more time for specialization Why is domestication important? What factors determine which large mammals are suitable to be domesticated? May 11, · The Importance of Food Production, Diet, and Domestication of Mammals in Jared Diamond x27;s Guns, Germs, and Steel.
Guns, Germs, and Steel Essay Questions GradeSaver Guns, Germs, and Steel essaysGuns, Germs, Steel, and controversy: Diamonds .The importance of food production diet and domestication of mammals in jared diamonds guns germs and